TGV (measurement of double beta decay of 48Ca and 106Cd)
TGV is the measurement of double beta decay of 48Ca and 106Cd. The TGV collaboration (IEAP CTU, JINR Dubna, CSNSM, KU Bratislava, INP) has been interested in experimental investigation of ββ decay for several years. The collaboration measured half-live of two-neutrinos double beta decay of 48Ca isotope with the TGV I detector. Based on the experience with the spectrometer TGV I, the more efficient low-background spectrometer TGV II was constructed. The most important feature of the TGV II is its ability to study small amount of materials with high efficiency (especially samples made of isotopes available only in small quantities, e.g. 106Cd).
At present the collaboration TGV is devoted to the investigation of the two-neutrinos double electron capture (2νEC/EC) in 106Cd. The result of T1/2 ≥ 3.0 x 1020 years for 2νEC/EC (g.s → g.s) decay of 106Cd has been found after the processing of experimental data obtained after 8700 hours (1 year) of measuring time using approximately 8 gramme of 106Cd. The Phase II of this measurement started in December 2007 with appr. 15 gramme of 106Cd. The Phase II of TGV II experiment is planned for period of 3-4 years.